Journal of Education and Practice https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP <p>Journal of Education and Practice is a high profile peer reviewed journal approved for its information on critical knowledge published by CARI. The journal is concerned with an individual's psychological, economic, moral, emotional, physical, religious, personal, spiritual and professional development in education. Moreover, the journal focuses on the academic factors.</p><p>The journal delights in its affordable and swift publication and it’s featured in the Google scholar, amidst other journal indices. It also facilitates the free access to scholarly journals. A double blind peer review technique is employed as far as the review of the research report is involved. This contributes to publications of high precision. It can be identified as one of the best scholarly journal publications in the field of scientific research study peer review undergoes fast publication process and reviews remarks issued in two weeks. </p> CARI Journals Limited en-US Journal of Education and Practice 2520-467X Educational Finance in Pre-Covid and Covid-19 Era in Nigeria: What has changed and Way Forward https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/724 <p><em>For few decades, education has been receiving financial attention from the government and other concerned personnel in the society owing to the general belief that education is the key that opens great door of sustainable development to any country of the world; it is the major tool for individual, national, socio-economic development, poverty eradication and it should be adequately financed to have desired results. Unfortunately education is still underfunded in Nigeria despite enormous resources invested in it in form of allocations yearly. This has over the years exposed the educational sector of Nigeria to drastic ruin as a result of mismanagement of allocated resources and other functional financial fraudulent acts in the sector. Few years back the world experienced global economic meltdown (recession) which also led&nbsp; the Nigerian education sector to struggle with meeting its financial obligations and while the nation was witnessing this, the unexpected outbreak of coronavirus (covid-19) pandemic occurred forcing the sector to experience extremely lack of finance to keep the sector moving. To justify this insinuations this paper reviewed the financing of the educational system in pre-covid and covid-19 era in Nigeria; what has changed over the years, the challenges associated with the changes and the way forward in form of recommendations.</em></p> Veronica Olubunmi ADESUA Babatunde Nurudeen BALOGUN Iyanuoluwa Samuel ADELAKUN Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Education and Practice 2021-11-21 2021-11-21 5 3 69 84 10.47941/jep.724 UTILIZATION OF COMPUTER LITERACY SKILLS IN TEACHING AND RESEARCH BY LECTURERS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION LECTURERS IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/701 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Every institution has its aims and objectives with activities to be carried out and resources to be utilize to achieved the expected goals. Utilization of computer skills requires adequate planning and regular practicing for effective performance. The purpose of the study was to examine the computer literacy skills utilized in teaching and research by Federal and State colleges of Education lecturers in South East Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Two research questions guided the study, while one null hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance.&nbsp; Descriptive survey was adopted for the study, population of the study comprised of 2,102 lecturers in all the seven colleges of education in south east Nigeria. (Three federal and four state colleges of education) The sampling size was 630 using proportionate stratified sampling technique.&nbsp; The instrument for data collection was researcher –structured questionnaire titled Utilization of Computer Literacy skills Questionnaire (UCLSQ) which was validated by three experts.&nbsp; The reliability of the (UCLSQ) was established using Cronbach alpha formular to test for internal consistency of the items which yielded reliability indices of 0.82. the questionnaire copies were administered to the lecturers with the help of three research assistants. Method of data collection, Data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and independent t-test.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings of the study further revealed among others that lecturers utilize only microsoft word skills and &nbsp;internet operation, but do not utilize microsoft power point, and microsoft excel, generally as shown in the study lecturers do no. Secondly, both Federal and state colleges of Education lecturers utilize microsoft word skills and internet operation skills but do not utilize microsoft powerpoint and microsoft excel skills. There is no significant difference between federal and state in utilizing microsoft word and internet operation skills, also there is a significance difference between federal and state lecturers in utilization of microsoft power point and microsoft excel in teaching and research.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Policy recommendation:</strong> Based on the results of the study, it was recommended that the school management should on regular basis organize in house training programme for lecturers in the utilization of different computer skills for teaching and research and also provision of laboratory, personal laptops effective teaching and learning.</p> Chinwe Juliana Enemuo Ebele Chinelo Okigbo Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Education and Practice 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 5 3 54 68 10.47941/jep.701 EFFECT OF CONCEPT MAPPING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY ACCOMPANIED BY DISCUSSION WEB ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN THE CONCEPT OF GENETICS https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/668 <p><strong><em>Purpose:</em></strong> This study explored the effect of Concept Mapping Instructional Strategy Accompanied by Discussion Web on students’ academic achievement in the concept of Genetics at Navrongo Senior High School, generally, and on gender basis.</p> <p><strong><em>Methodology:</em></strong> The study adopted quasi-experimental design (pretest, posttest non-equivalent design). The sample comprised of 80 Navrongo Senior High School Form Three Gold Track and Green Track science students. Students from the Green Track class and Gold Track class were assigned experimental group and control group respectively. The experimental group class was made up of 23 males and 20 females. The control group class was also made up of 24 males and 13 females. Pretest was administered to all the participants. The experimental group was taught using Concept Mapping Instructional Strategy Accompanied by Discussion Web. The control group was taught using Conventional Teaching Method. A posttest was administered to both groups to determine the effectiveness of the treatment. The reliability of the test items was determined using test-retest reliability coefficient. The test-retest reliability coefficients of the instruments were found to be 0.70 and 0.73 for the pretest and posttest respectively. The data obtained were analysed using t-test.</p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong> The pretest test scores revealed that the students were homogeneous in terms of academic achievement (t-value = 1.05, p-value=0.30, p&gt;0.05). Posttest results of students in the experimental group were significantly higher than the control group (t-value = 8.07, p-value = 0.000, p &lt; 0.05). The result of the posttest showed that the use of concept mapping instructional strategy accompanied by discussion web in teaching genetics was more effective than conventional teaching method. There was no statistically significant difference in the academic achievement of male and female students in the experimental group (t-value = 1.68, p-value = 0.11, p &gt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong><em>Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy:</em></strong> This study recommended that Biology teachers in Navrongo Senior High School should be encouraged to teach Genetics using Concept Mapping Instructional Strategy Accompanied by Discussion Web in order to improve the academic achievement of students. Science teachers should be given the opportunity to attend workshops, seminars, conferences to enable them update their knowledge on current instructional strategies that are capable of improving the academic achievement of students. The Government, Ghana Education Service and Ministry of Education should establish professional development fund for teachers to enable them upgrade professionally and also improve on their teaching styles since most teacher are not abreast with the current or modern methods of teaching.</p> Ezekiel Akotuko Ayimbila Diana Akantagriwon Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Education and Practice 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 5 3 1 16 10.47941/jep.668 EXAMINATION OF PARENTAL INVOLMENT ON UPPER PRIMARY PUPILS PARTICIPATION IN ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN LAIKIPIA WEST SUB-COUNTY, LAIKIPIA COUNTY, KENYA https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/697 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The study aimed at finding out whether parents in public primary schools in Laikipia West sub-county influence pupils to participate in academic activities.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A mixed method research design was used where&nbsp;&nbsp; cross sectional descriptive survey was used on quantitative data and phenomenology was used to complement components of qualitative data. Population of 13 public Primary schools was sampled from the total 65 public Primary Schools in the Sub-County. Out of 2,236, pupils’ in class 6, 7 and 8, 3 girls and 3 boys were selected per class through stratification and simple random method.&nbsp; Parents/ guardians for the selected pupils were purposively selected regardless of their age, level of education and gender.&nbsp; All class teachers from the sampled schools were targeted and purposively selected. The data was collected using questionnaires, interview guide, document analysis guide and focus discussion guide. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 was used to analyze quantitative data. Nine hypotheses that sought to find out parental influence on pupils’ participation in academic activities were tested using correlation coefficient analysis. Qualitative data was transcribed, coded, and themed and interpreted in response to research questions.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results from the study showed that there is prevalence of parental influence on pupil’s academic activities in Laikipia West Sub- County mainly through attending school functions, assisting with homework, communicating with teachers and their children and provision of learning resources. In response to parental involvement, pupils attended school regularly; asked questions in class, joined study groups and finished homework on time. Major restrictions to parental involvement included poverty, insecurity and illiteracy.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy:</strong> The recommendation was that those parents who were not actively involved on pupil’s academic related matters be sensitized on their roles of promoting child education.&nbsp; The County as well as national governments should support parents by establishing structures and policies that boost the standard of education in the area. According to this study such policies includes; establishing efficient and effective guidance and counseling programs in school, taking legal action on parents who keep their children at home, providing full sponsorship to needy parents and establishing boarding schools among the pastoralists communities.</p> Samuel Romata Jacinta Adhiambo Mary Getui Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Education and Practice 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 5 3 17 34 10.47941/jep.697 EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF PARENTS IN THE TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN LAIKIPIA WEST SUB-COUNTY, LAIKIPIA COUNTY, KENYA https://carijournals.org/journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/698 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The study aimed at finding out whether parents play a role in the teaching learning process of pupils in public schools in public primary schools in Laikipia West sub-county.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A mixed method research design was used where&nbsp;&nbsp; cross sectional descriptive survey was used on quantitative data and phenomenology was used to complement components of qualitative data. Population of 13 public Primary schools was sampled from the total 65 public Primary Schools in the Sub-County. Out of 2,236, pupils’ in class 6, 7 and 8, 3 girls and 3 boys were selected per class through stratification and simple random method.&nbsp; Parents/ guardians for the selected pupils were purposively selected regardless of their age, level of education and gender.&nbsp; All class teachers from the sampled schools were targeted and purposively selected. The data was collected using questionnaires, interview guide, document analysis guide and focus discussion guide. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 was used to analyze quantitative data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results from the study showed that there is prevalence of parental roles on the pupil’s learning process in Laikipia West Sub- County mainly through attending school functions, assisting with homework, communicating with teachers and their children and provision of learning resources.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy:</strong> The recommendation was that those parents who were not actively involved on pupil’s academic related matters be sensitized on their roles of promoting child education.&nbsp; The County as well as national governments should support parents by establishing structures and policies that boost the standard of education in the area. According to this study such policies includes; establishing efficient and effective guidance and counseling programs in school, taking legal action on parents who keep their children at home, providing full sponsorship to needy parents and establishing boarding schools among the pastoralists communities.</p> Samuel Romata Jacinta Adhiambo Mary Getui Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Education and Practice 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 5 3 35 53 10.47941/jep.698