Journal of Gender Related Studies <p>Journal of Gender Related Studies is a peer reviewed journal published by CARI. This journal is a high-profile article that is known for its content that relates to feminism, politics, men’s studies, gender and sex. This journal entails a variety of themes such as culture, humanities, natural sciences and arts. This journal further unleashes the gender ratios and how the gender roles are changing day by day. This journal further updates us on gender practices knowledge, norms and how they are important politically. The journal of gender related studies is important to the upcoming scientists who want to publish their research articles. This journal is then peer reviewed by topnotch gender related studies experts after a period of two weeks and the journal later published in both online and printed versions. This journal is appropriate for all the gender related studies.</p> en-US (Journal Admin) (Journal Support) Tue, 05 Jan 2021 09:08:18 +0300 OJS 60 The Levels of Participation for Men and Women in Resolving Community Conflicts Using ADR Mechanisms in Kapsokwony Sub-County, Bungoma County, Kenya <p><strong><em>Purpose: </em></strong>This article outlines the levels of participation of men and women in resolving community conflicts using Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanisms in Kapsokwony, Kenya. It highlights that ADR are currently considered participatory and inclusive processes to resolve community conflicts as they offer men and women a major stake in conflict resolution in society due to their roles and positions in society. <em></em></p><p><strong><em>Methodology</em></strong><strong>: </strong>Findings across the globe confirm that when men and women equally participate in resolution of community conflicts there is increased likelihood of reaching an agreement and of the longevity of the agreement. This implies that for effective ADR, the participation of both men and women would be crucial. The study was based on a mixed research method whose methodology involved research survey, interview and Focus Group Discussions. In consideration of the fact that gender equality is strongly advocated for in conflict resolution, the study sought to establish the situation in Kapsokwony. The study therefore sought to assess the levels of men’s and women’s participation in ADR mechanisms in Kapsokwony.<strong></strong></p><p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong>The study established that power was a factor that influenced the level of participation. Consequently, the level was simply established to be that of neutral/passive to a very high participation level of women participation in ADR mechanism. However, those that were participating at high levels in ADR were few and their power was invested in the office they held. Furthermore, the study established that in the Nyumba Kumi structure, women level of participation in conflict resolution was increasing from neutral/neutral to a higher level of participation where they fully participated in leading and influencing decisions on resolution of conflicts. This can be explained because the nature of the Nyumba Kumi structure allows for everyone to be actively involved in ensuring safety and welfare of the ten households’ members. Urban Thinkers Campus (2015) confirms that women are involved in ensuring safety in urban and rural settlements mainly through the Nyumba Kumi Initiative in which they are part of the leadership committee.<strong> </strong></p><strong><em>Unique contribution to theory, policy, and practice: </em></strong>Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms help in creating an environment that fosters development, peace, and social justice amongst other positive values amidst community conflicts. The United Nations (2007) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People advocates for equal participation of men and women in the management of community conflicts. Participation of both men and women in ADR processes to resolve community conflicts in Kapsokwony Sub-county region is a field that studies have not adequately explored. This study hopes to contribute to existing literature on men’s and women’s participation in ADR for land disputes. The outcome of this study may be utilized to influence increased participation of women in ADR, within Kapsokwony Sub-county region. Additionally, the study’s findings will add to the growing body of literature pertaining to the participation of both men and women in peace building within the Kenyan context. Lastly, the findings of this study form the foundation upon which future research can be done Benson Mutuku Muthama, Prof. Grace Wamue Ngare, Dr. Leah Njambi Wanjama Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Gender Related Studies Tue, 05 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Antecedents and Consequences of Early Marriage in Damongo in the West Gonja District <p><strong><em>Purpose:</em></strong> The purpose of the study was to explore the antecedents and consequences of early marriage in Damongo in the West Gonja District in the Savanna Region of Ghana.</p> <p><strong><em>Methodology:</em></strong> The interpretative phenomenological approach was adopted for the study. An interview guide was used to collect data from 10 women who have experienced early marriage. The snowball method was used to get the participants for the study. The recorded information was transcribed for the analysis.</p> <p><strong><em>Findings:</em></strong> The study revealed that protection of the status of the family and poverty were the antecedents for early marriage. It was also found that lack of educated females and poverty were the consequences of early marriage.</p> <p><strong><em>Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy:</em></strong> It was recommended that District Assemblies should open up some loan opportunities for parents to access so that they expand their sources of income to meet their financial obligations rather than pushing their girls into early marriage for financial gains.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Adolescents</em>, <em>early marriage, divorce, dowry, wife battering, poverty.</em></p> Bokuro Afisha, Matthew Kojo Namale, Daniel Kwablah Buku, Bernard Amoako Mensah Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Gender Related Studies Wed, 26 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300