Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Nderui Ndung’u, Dr. Susan Were, Dr. Patrick Mwangangi


Purpose: This research focused on the influence of top management support on procurement regulatory compliance level in public universities in Kenya.  

Methodology: The study used Ex-post facto design, the research design was chosen because the study aimed at investigating the causal relationship on variables, which cannot be controlled by the researcher. The researcher applied the census sampling technique to select the sample size of 31 public universities and 333 respondents. The study was informed by the Principal-Agent Theory. Primary data was collected through the use of questionnaires issued to the procurement staffs in the sampled universities. This study undertook a census because the sample size was small. Data collected from the field was coded and cleaned to remove outliers or missing values and categorized manually according to the questionnaire items using frequency distribution tables and percentages. The researcher used both descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of statistical package of Social Science (SPSS) version 24 to analyze the data.

Findings: Top management was found to be satisfactory significant in contribution as a factor to procurement regulatory compliance level. The p value 0.000 was less than the conventional probability of 0.05 at a testing at 95% level of significance. Motivation and rewards to staff can be used as a strategy to combat the personal interest that arise in preference to fulfill their duties and assignments. Management acts as the framework to the functionality of the procurement department and activities thereof. Top management making efforts on motivating the staff individually leads to an exemplary performance.

Unique contribution to theory, policy and practice: Deficient checking and assessment of the functioning in an organization is connected to the non-attendance to a controllable situation. The existing hindrances from the top management for the staffs to engage and enhance adoption and application of total quality management in procurement should be eradicated. Disciplinary steps should be taken on staff with unbecoming behaviors in effort to uphold ethical practice. There should be freedom of staff to discharge their duties as assigned to them by the top management

This Abstract was viewed 33 times | Untitled Article downloaded 26 times


top management support, procurement compliance level, procurement regulatory, public universities in Kenya

Full Text:



Agaba, E. & Shipman, N. (2017). Competing through Supply Chain Management and Creating Market winning Strategies through Supply Chain Partnerships. New York, International Thomsons Publishing.

Akech, J. M. M. (2015). Development partners and governance of public procurement in Kenya. Enhancing democracy in the administration of Aid. International Law and Politics, 37(4), 829-868.

Arrowsmith, S. (2015). The problem of discussions with tenders under the EC procurement

directives, the current law and the case of reform. Public Procurement Law Review, 7(3),


Davis, J. & Canes, M. (2017). A Measure of Ethical Climate in Organizations (2nd Ed).Hill, New


De Boer, B. (2017). Research methods. (4thEd). New York, New American Library.

Donahue J. (2018). The Privatization Decision. New York. Basic Books

Etse, D. & Asenso, B.M. (2014). Challenges of public procurement audit, A perspective of

Ashanti regional office of Ghana audit services. International Journal of Economics,

Commerce and Management, 2 (3).

Gelderman, J. C., Ghijsen, W. P. & Brugman, J. M. (2017). Public procurement and EU tendering directives- explaining non-compliance. International Journal of Public Sector

Management, 19(7), 702-714.

Getuno, P.M., Awino, Z.B., Ngugi, P.K. & Ondiek, F. (2015). Public procurement legal

framework implementation and performance of state corporations in Kenya. International

Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management,2, 12-27.

Hui, W.S., Othman, R.O., Normah, O., Rahman, R.A. & Haron, N.H. (2017). Procurement

Issues in Malaysia. International journal of Public Sector Management, 24(6), 567-593.

Kipchilat, G.T (2006).An Evaluation of the Impact of the Public Procurement Regulations on Procurement in Kenyan Public Universities. Unpublished MBA Project. Egerton

University, Nakuru, Kenya.

Mapesa, H.J. (2017). Cost of poor quality. International Journal of Strategic Cost Management,

(4), 24-30. Masola Publishers.

Migosi, J., Ombuki, C. & Evusa, Z. (2015). Consequences of procurement non-compliance

behavior in public sectors in Kenya. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 39(1)14-25.

Nderui, N. & Were, S. (2016). Factors affecting effective logistics management in manufacturing

industry in Kenya. Strategic Journal of Business and Change Management, 4, 34-38.

Njeru, S.E., Ngugi, P.K., Arasa, R.M. & Kahiri, J.M.K. (2015). Factors affecting effective

implementation of procurement practices in tertiary public training institutions in Kenya.

Strategic Journal of Business and Change Management, 3, 30-36.

Obanda, W. P. (2016). Fighting corruption in tactical procurement. Unpublished PHD

Dissertation, University of Twente.

Odhiambo, W. & Kamau, P. (2015). Supply chain management as a new opportunity in Quality

of procured goods in Non-governmental organizations. Strategic Journal of Business and

Change Management, 2, 28-36.

Perry, M. (2017). The antecedents of buying firms efforts to improve suppliers. Journal of

Operations Management, 17(2), 205-24.

Rossi, C. L. (2016). Compliance as an over-looked business strategy. International Journal of

Social Economics, 37(10), 816-831.

Tom, D.N. (2017). Purchasing and Materials Management with Text and Cases. (5th Ed).

McGraw-Hill, New York.

Xingxing, Z. & Kaynak.H. (2017). An agency theory perspective on supply chain quality.

International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 3(4), 13-19.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Paper submission email:

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©