Relationship between partnership and the sustainability of institutionalized child care in Lira City, northern Uganda


  • David Ekwang Otto Lira University
  • David Mwesigwa Lira University



Partnership, sustainability, networks, coordination, collaboration


Purpose: This study assessed the relationship between partnership and the sustainability of institutionalized child care in Lira City, northern Uganda. Specifically, three objectives guided the study, namely; to examine the relationship between networks and sustainability of institutionalized child care, to examine the relationship between coordination and sustainability of institutionalized child care, and to determine the relationship between collaboration and sustainability of institutionalized child care. As a consequence, the paper reverts to three selected variables of partnership, that is, networks, coordination and collaboration vis-à-vis sustainability of institutionalized child care.

Methodology: A mixed approach was used and data were collected using a structured questionnaire with a five-point Likert scale and an interview guide. The study was based on Forebelian principles and attachment theory. Statistical data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (linear regressions). Thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data.

Results: The study established a positive and significant relationship between networking and sustainability of institutionalized children's care (R2 =.362, Coef. =.425) as it increases the sustainability of institutionalized child care by 36.2%. Further, the findings revealed that coordination increased sustainability of institutionalized children's care by 47.7% since it produced an adjusted R2 of.477. The regression coefficient of.477 suggested a strong and positive correlation. Finally, it was established that a significant correlation exists between collaboration and sustainability.

Unique contribution to theory, policy and practice: The study recommended that the government should partner with institutionalized children's homes since partnership is one of the fundamental mechanisms in promoting sustainability. Also, there is need for capacity building through trainings on partnerships organized by either the government or NGOs, and further studies may be conducted to examine other factors that affect the sustainability of institutionalized children’s care apart from partnerships. Consequently, the results contribute to the national policy on child care centers seeing that they are becoming more instrumental in caring for the vulnerable children.

Author Biographies

David Ekwang Otto , Lira University

Faculty of Management Sciences

David Mwesigwa, Lira University

Faculty of Management Sciences


Ahmad, N. N., & Jamil, N. N. (2021). Quality of Education Provision for Orphans and Vulnerable Adolescents in The Time of Covid-19 at Orphanages.

Ali, M. M. (2019). Factors Influencing Governance of Orphanage: A Case Study on Zila Parishad Satkhira in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Public Administration, 27(1).

Anggraeni, r., & Amrinola, w. (2021). Sausage and nugget processing training at tunas baja Orphanage, Cilegon, Banten. 3(1), 498–501.

Barlian, E. (2020). Exploration of the Honest Character of the Orphanage and Its Implications for Strengthening Character Education. 232–235.

Barreda, A. A., Nusair, K., Wang, Y., Okumus, F., & Bilgihan, A. (2020). The impact of social media activities on brand image and emotional attachment: A case in the travel context. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology.

Cáceres, I., Román, M., Moreno, C., Bukowski, W. M., & Palacios, J. (2021). Peer relationships during late childhood in internationally adopted and institutionalized children. Social Development, 30(1), 171–186.

Chandran, T., Ravindranath, N. S., Raju, R., Samuel, S., James, J. M., & Mistry, F. (2021). Association of Self-Concept with Oral Health Status among Children Residing in Orphanages in Bengaluru, 10(33), 2795–2799.

Cherniak, A. D., Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P. R., & Granqvist, P. (2021). Attachment theory and religion. Current Opinion in Psychology, 40, 126–130.

Chen, L., Zhao, X., Tang, O., Price, L., Zhang, S., & Zhu, W. (2017). Supply chain collaboration for sustainability: A literature review and future research agenda. International Journal of Production Economics, 194, 73–87.

Cherry, K. (2019). The different types of attachment styles. Social Psychology.

Chumakova, M., Zhukova, M., Kornilov, S., Golovanova, I., Davyudova, A., Logvinenko, T., Ovchinnikova, I., Petrov, M., Antonova, A., & Naumova, O. (2020). Psychological, Social and Emotional Well-Being of Adults with a History of Institutionalization: The Pilot Study Findings. Psychology, 17(1), 102–117.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). A concise introduction to mixed methods research. SAGE publications.

Divon, S. A., & Owor, A. (2021). Aguu: From Acholi Post War Street Youth and Children to ‘Criminal Gangs’ in Modern Day Gulu City, Uganda. Journal of Human Security, 16(2), 82–96.

Duckworth, A. L., Kautz, T., Defnet, A., Satlof-Bedrick, E., Talamas, S., Lira, B., & Steinberg, L. (2021). Students attending school remotely suffer socially, emotionally, and academically. Educational Researcher, 50(7), 479–482.

El-Slamoni, M. A., & Hussien, R. M. (2019). Depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviour among orphanage female children. Egyptian Nursing Journal, 16(1), 45-53.

Fenton-Glynn, C. (2021). Joseph M. Cheer, Leigh Matthews, Kathryn E. Van Doore and Karen Flanagan (eds.), Modern Day Slavery and Orphanage Tourism. The International Journal of Children’s Rights, 29(2), 527–531.

Fraley, R. C. (2019). Attachment in adulthood: Recent developments, emerging debates, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 70(1), 401–422.

Frimpong-Manso, K. (2021). Funding orphanages on donations and gifts: Implications for orphans in Ghana. New Ideas in Psychology, 60, 100835.

Graci, S. (2013). Collaboration and partnership development for sustainable tourism. Tourism Geographies, 15(1), 25–42.

Ghazvini, S. D., & Khajehpour, M. (2011). Gender differences in factors affecting academic performance of high school students. Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 15:1040–45.

Gunnar, M. R., & Reid, B. M. (2019). Early deprivation revisited: Contemporary studies of the impact on young children of institutional care. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, 1, 93–118.

Halířová, M. (2021). Development of Care for Orphans in Bohemia until 1918. Romanian Journal of Population Studies, 15(1), 89–110.

Hamdaqa, H. (2019.). Strengthening emotional support in classroom to orphans of Gaza as to improve their academic performance. Elementary School Journal, 113(4), 461–487.

Harrison, A. M., Gregory, G., Neelgund, P., & Stieglitz, A. (2019). Supporting Child Caregivers in South Indian Orphanages: Identifying ‘Ghosts’ and Creating ‘Angels.’ Institutionalised Children Explorations and Beyond, 6(2), 142–150.

Irawan, Y., Wahyuni, R., & Devis, Y. (2021). Counselling and Controlling Child Development based on Information Technology at Fajar Harapan Infant and Toddler Orphanage. Jurnal Pengabdian Dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Indonesia, 1(7), 255–268.

Jackson, K., & Bazeley, P. (2019). Qualitative data analysis with NVivo. Sage.

Jirout, J., LoCasale-Crouch, J., Turnbull, K., Gu, Y., Cubides, M., Garzione, S., Evans, T. M., Weltman, A. L., & Kranz, S. (2019). How lifestyle factors affect cognitive and executive function and the ability to learn in children. Nutrients, 11(8), 1953-64.

Jamal, T., & Stronza, A. (2009). Collaboration theory and tourism practice in protected areas: Stakeholders, structuring and sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(2), 169–189.

Kambouri, (2022) Making Partnerships Work: Proposing a Model to Support Parent-Practitioner Partnerships in the Early Years, Early Childhood Education Journal volume 50:639–661.

Kim, J.-H., & Brown, S. L. (2018). The associations between leisure, stress, and health behavior among university students. American Journal of Health Education, 49(6), 375–383.

Kjær, A. M., & Muwanga, N. K. (2019). The political economy of education quality initiatives in Uganda. The Politics of Education in Developing Countries: From Schooling to Learning, 1:152–171.

Legendre, P., & FORTIN, M. J. (2010). Comparison of the Mantel test and alternative approaches for detecting complex multivariate relationships in the spatial analysis of genetic data. Molecular ecology resources, 10(5), 831-844.

Li, Z., & Qiu, Z. (2018). How does family background affect children’s educational achievement? Evidence from Contemporary China. The Journal of Chinese Sociology, 5(1), 1–21.

Lindgren, T., & Sjöstrand Ö. M. (2019). Orphans of our common worlds. Educational Theory, 69(3), 283–303.

Leffers, J., & Mitchell, E. (2011). Conceptual model for partnership and sustainability in global health. Public Health Nursing, 28(1), 91–102.

Maingi, S. M. (2019). Influence of educational support on academic performance of orphans and vulnerable children in public primary schools in Kalama sub county, Machakos, Kenya.

McLaren, H., & Qonita, N. (2019). Indonesia’s orphanage trade: Islamic philanthropy’s good intentions, some not so good outcomes. Religions, 11(1), 1-13.

Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2019). Attachment, caregiving, and parenting. In Pathways and barriers to parenthood (pp. 305–319). Springer.

Mohammadzadeh, M., Awang, H., Ismail, S., & Kadir Shahar, H. (2019). Improving emotional health and self-esteem of Malaysian adolescents living in orphanages through Life Skills Education program: A multi-centre randomized control trial. PloS One, 14(12), e0226333.

Morsy, L., & Rothstein, R. (2019). Toxic Stress and Children’s Outcomes: African American Children Growing up Poor Are at Greater Risk of Disrupted Physiological Functioning and Depressed Academic Achievement. Economic Policy Institute.

Mulaa, E. (2020). Influence of socio-economic, psychological and physical factors on academic performance among orphaned pupils in public primary schools in Kapseret Sub-County, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya.

Ntshuntshe, Z., & Taukeni, S. G. (2020). Psychological and Social Issues Affecting Orphans and Vulnerable Children. In Addressing Multicultural Needs in School Guidance and Counselling (pp. 20–31). IGI Global.

Nyangarika, A., & Ngasa, Z. J. (2020). Factors Influencing Academic Performance of Primary School’s Orphans in Tanzania. International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education, 6, 398–406.

Ogina, T. A., & Ramare, N. M. (2019). Accountability of school stakeholders in ensuring orphaned children’s school attendance. South African Journal of Childhood Education, 9(1), 1–11.

Oyuga, P. A., Raburu, P. A., & Aloka, P. J. (2019). Relationship between Self efficacy and Academic Performance among Orphaned Secondary School Students in Kenya.

Pandey, P., & Pandey, M. M. (2021). Research methodology tools and techniques. Bridge Centre.

Pollack, D., & Fishman, A. C. (2020). Where is the scholarly literature regarding foster children and religion?

Sariyani, D. (2019). The Effect of Prenatal Attachment Health Education with Audio-visual on Readiness to Be Parents at Sleman Primary Health Care. 1st International conference of health, science and technology, Indonesia, November 16th 2019.

Sitienei, E. C., & Pillay, J. (2019). Psychosocial support for orphans and vulnerable children in a community-based organization in Kericho, Kenya. Journal of Children’s Services.

Sutton, T. E. (2019). Review of attachment theory: Familial predictors, continuity and change, and intrapersonal and relational outcomes. Marriage & Family Review, 55(1), 1–22.

Tavani, H. T., & Moor, J. H. (2001). Privacy protection, control of information, and privacy-enhancing technologies. ACM Sigcas Computers and Society, 31(1), 6-11.

Tefera, B. S., & Refu, A. T. (2019). Orphan Children’s School Performance, Hindering Challenges and the Role of the School (In the Case of Some Selected Primary Schools in Iluababor Zone, Ethiopia). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6(3), 314–30.

Westin, A. F. (2000). Intrusions. Public Perspective, 11(6), 8-11.

Whitney, G., & Basloe, M. (2019). An introduction to young children and families experiencing homelessness. Zero to Three, 39(4), 5–9.

Vilma, Ž. Y. D. Ž. I. Ū. N. A. I. T. Ė. (2018). Implementing ethical principles in social research: challenges, possibilities and limitations. Vocational Education: Research & Reality, (29).




How to Cite

Otto , D. E., & Mwesigwa, D. M. (2022). Relationship between partnership and the sustainability of institutionalized child care in Lira City, northern Uganda. Journal of Advanced Sociology, 3(2), 1–21.