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Jane Macharia, Dr. Mulambula M. Shikuku


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of male adolescent age
on PD, rebellious behavior, and academic performance in public secondary schools in
Kiambu district.
Methodology: The study used ex-post facto research design. Stratified sampling was used to
select the participants in the study. Schools were stratified into single sex and co-education
schools. Systematic sampling using the class lists was used to identify the students who
constituted the sample. The research instruments were the students’ questionnaire, the deputy
principal’s and the teacher counsellor’s interview guide. The sample constituted 240 male
students, six deputy principles and six teacher counselors. A pilot study was done to pre-test
the research instruments so as to estimate their reliability and validity. Data collected was
analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings were presented
using descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics included, frequency
distribution, means, bar graphs, and tabulated according to the research objectives. Inferential
statistics used included Chi Square and pearson correlation to test the hypotheses at 90% and
95% level of confidence; correlation coefficient was used to measure the strength of linear
relationship between the variables of the study.
Results: The results indicated that male adolescent age had no significant relationship with
PD. However, age and AP were found to have a significant relationship.
Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study came up with a model that is
recommended to schools for adoption by guidance and counselling teachers to help create
awareness and understanding to both the students and parents with the aim of improving or
bettering their relationship, academic performance and prevent rebellion in public secondary

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parental demandingness, male adolescent age, rebellious behaviour, academic performance, public secondary schools

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