TEACHERS' ATTITUDE TOWARDS INTEGRATING ICT IN CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN TEACHING AND LEARNING BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTHERN REGION, ERITREA
Keywords:Teachers' Attitude, ICT Integration, Classroom Instruction
Purpose: The research was to establish teachers' attitude towards integrating ICT in classroom instruction
Methods: The study was carried out in secondary schools of the southern region, Eritrea. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The study targeted 27 public secondary schools in the region. Stratified random sampling technique was used to get a sample of 12 secondary schools from 12 sub-regions. The sample of respondents of the study was drawn from these 12 secondary schools of 12 sub-regions. The respondents were 12 school directors, 34 Biology teachers and 175 grade eleven students. Questionnaires, interview and observation schedules were used as instruments for data collection. Questionnaire for Biology teachers and students, Interview Schedule for school Directors, were employed. Piloting and consultation were conducted to establish validity and reliability before the instruments were used for the actual data collection. The data collected included both qualitative and quantitative data. The quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The qualitative data obtained from the open-ended questions were analyzed thematically based on research objectives.
Results: The study found that majority of Biology teachers who participated in the study had a positive attitude towards the use of ICT in teaching and learning. They liked to use ICT in their Biology lessons; they believed ICT makes learning Biology interesting, understandable and improves learners' performance
Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy: The study recommended that Ministry of Education should provide adequate in-service training on ICT integration skills for teachers
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